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The definitive answer to correct lip-sync error for up to four sources.
When you watch TV or movies, do you ever notice how picture and sound are sometimes OUT
OF SYNC? The presenter's lips don't move quite at the same time as their voice?
Irritating isn't it. This is known as lip sync error.
Even if you haven't consciously noticed lip-sync error (we avoid this
impossibility by subconsciously looking away)
research at Stanford University discovered it causes a negative impact on
our perception of the characters and story.
Lip sync error affects a huge number of displays, including modern plasma TVs, LCD
screens, DLP TVs and digital projectors.
The Felston DD740 solves the frustrating problem of lip sync
error for anyone with an A/V amplifier or home theater system.
What causes lip sync error?
There are many causes but most boil down to the video signal being delayed
more than the audio signal allowing speech to be heard 'before' the lip movement
that produced it is seen.
Digital image processing within broadcasts and within modern displays delays
video and allows audio to arrive too soon.
Sound "before" the action that produces it can never occur in nature and is
therefore very disturbing when the brain tries to process this conflicting and
impossible visual and aural information.
Most people initially only notice lip-sync error when it exceeds 40 to 75 ms
but this varies enormously and really depends upon the individual's defence
mechanism - how far he can look away from the moving lips so as to ignore the
increasing lip-sync error. We call the value at which it is noticed consciously
their "threshold of recognition".
An individual's "threshold of recognition" falls greatly once it has been
reached and lip-sync error has been noticed. At that point their defence
mechanism can no longer compensate and the sync problem enters their conscious
mind. The same person who was never bothered by a 40 ms lip-sync error may,
after noticing 120 ms error, become far more sensitive and notice errors only a
small fraction of their previous "threshold". Many people can "see" lip-sync
errors as small as "one milli-second" and some can even detect 1/3 ms errors.
How do you
fix lip sync error?
The only way to correct lip-sync error caused by delayed video is to delay
audio an equal amount.
The Felston DD740 digital audio delay solves lip-sync error by letting you
add an audio delay to compensate for all the cumulative video delays - no matter
what their cause - at the touch of a button on its remote.
It connects between four digital audio sources and your AV receiver (or
digital speaker system) allowing you to delay the audio to match the video
achieving "perfect lip-sync".
Unlike the audio delay feature found in most a/v receivers, the DD740 is
designed for easy "on-the-'fly" adjustment while viewing with no image
disturbance. This makes fine tuning for perfect lip-sync
practical as it changes between programs or discs, and the DD740's 680ms delay
corrects larger lip-sync errors common in HDTV.
HDMI 1.3+ fix this?
The widely misunderstood "automatic lip-sync correction" feature of HDMI 1.3
does nothing more than "automatically" set the same fixed delay most receivers
set manually. It does nothing to correct a/v sync error already in broadcasts or
discs which changes from program to program and disc to disc. Ironically, it can
make lip-sync error "worse" when audio arrives delayed.
Felston DD740 work with HD lossless audio found on Blu-ray discs?
No. The Felston DD740 is a S/PDIF coax/toslink device. Lossless audio such as
DTS-HD Master Audio and Dolby TrueHD found on Blu-ray discs is only available
The Felston DD740 works great to fix lip-sync issues with DVDs and broadcast
TV/HDTV/TIVO/AppleTV/etc. where lip-sync issues tend to occur the most (and HD
lossless audio does not and cannot exist).
Are there any similar
products to correct HD Audio lip-sync error?
We are not aware of any similar audio delay boxes that accept HDMI. There are
other manufacturers of s/pdif delay boxes similar to the Felston DD740 but both
are over twice the price and don't offer as many features (neither has numeric
pad delay entry, 36 presets, or 1/3 ms adjustment). An HDMI delay box would need
to an HDMI "repeater" (often called a splitter) since the HD Audio is HDCP
encrypted along with the video. It would require an HDMI "receiver" chip (like
TV's have) to decrypt the audio and video data and a "huge" memory to store it
for delay but it would also require an HDMI "transmitter" chip (like a Blu-ray
player has) to HDCP encrypt the re-aligned audio and video for output. If an
HDMI delay box ever comes to market it will no doubt be expensive but like our
other products we would offer it to our members at the best price on the
Felston DD740 Features
- 680ms delay (340ms for 96kHz signals)
- On-the-fly adjustment with no image overlay
- Tweaking in 1ms and 1/3ms steps
- 36 preset delays for instant recall
- Fully featured remote control with numeric
keypad for discrete delay entry
- Discrete input switching, with input's last
- Automatic optical-to-coax/coax-to-optical
- 4 digital audio inputs, 2 digital audio
outputs (optical and coax)
- Adjustable display brightness
- Discrete IR commands for integration with
- No effect on audio quality thanks to
Felston DD740 owner's manual (680Kb,
Connecting the DD740 to your A/V system
The Felston digital audio delays solve lip-sync error by allowing you to
delay the digital audio signal to match the delay* in the video signal thereby
restoring perfect lip-sync.
The delay unit is inserted in the digital audio path between your video
source (DVD/Blu-ray disc players, DVR, etc.) and your AV receiver as in the diagram above. Since the
DD740's "bit-perfect reproduction" does not change the digital audio signal, it
is compatible with PCM and all present and future s/pdif surround sound formats
at both 48 KHz and 96 KHz.
Since there is nothing in the video or audio signal to define when they are
in sync it is a subjective adjustment and this is where the remote control
excels. It remembers the last delay setting used on each input and includes 36
presets where common delays can be stored for instant recall. But most
importantly, the + and - buttons allow dynamic "on-the-fly" delay adjustments
while watching with no image disturbance - an essential feature allowing
tweaking for "perfect-sync". These are necessary features for true lip-sync
correction and not generally available on even the most expensive AV receivers
that claim a lip-sync delay feature.
At first thought it might appear the DD740 audio delay could not correct for
"already delayed audio in the arriving signal" but in conjunction with the video
delay of your LCD, DLP, or plasma display it actually can - up to the display's
video delay. That is, if your display delays video 100 ms your DD740 will
correct lip-sync errors from 100 ms audio lagging to 580 ms audio leading.
* Normally lip-sync error is due to video delays in both the arriving
signal as well as in the display allowing audio to arrive too soon but when
broadcasters over-correct for the video delay they added the arriving signal
might have audio delayed instead of video.
Using the DD740
In standby mode, audio passes through with no delay while coax to optical and
optical to coax conversion remains active. When the DD740 is switched on, the
signal is output with your last selected delay.
When you notice lip-sync error, correcting it is simply a matter of adding or
subtracting audio delay. The plus and minus delay buttons allow adjustment in 1
ms steps (or even 1/3 ms). You adjust while watching your program and there is
no image disturbance at all as you press the buttons and shift the audio into
alignment with video.
As you use your DD740 you will notice that different sources, different
discs, and different broadcasts require different delays for perfect lip-sync so
the DD740 includes 36 delay presets (9 per input) to remember these commonly
used settings making it easy to get to the optimum delay quickly.
It also features direct numeric entry so if you know the desired delay you
just enter the numbers. That feature is even more valuable when used with
programmable learning remote controls (e.g. Pronto, Harmony, URC, etc.) since it
allows full control of the DD740 using its comprehensive discrete IR commands.
A/V receivers do not offer all these DD740 features but the most important and
overriding advantage of the DD740 is the ease of delay adjustment while watching
with no image overlays to disrupt your viewing.
With an A/V receiver that forces you to use a set-up menu overlaying your
image every time you need to adjust the delay, perfect lip-sync just isn’t
But my amplifier only has an optical input.
No problem. The DD740 transmits the selected source to both outputs
simultaneously. This means an a/v amplifier with just one input (optical or
coax) can be used with four digital audio sources (two coax and two optical).
Which types of audio signal can the DD740 delay?
In order to solve lip sync issues, the DD740 delays digital audio signals
passing between your source equipment (e.g. disc player, set-top box) and your
home theater amplifier via a DIGITAL AUDIO CABLE. Digital audio cable is either
optical (toslink) or a coax cable fitted with a single RCA phono socket at each
NOTE: The DD740 is not directly compatible with ANALOG (stereo) audio
signals. Analog audio signals use a pair of leads that connect to two RCA phono
sockets (usually one with a red plastic insert and one white). However, if you
use a home theater amplifier then analog sources can be used with the DD740 via
Can the DD740 delay DTS?
Yes. In fact the DD740 can delay any digital s/pdif digital audio (coax and
optical) format that is used
today, i.e. Dolby Digital, DTS, Dolby Digital EX, DTS 96/24, PCM, etc.
Does the DD740 reduce sound quality?
Absolutely Not. There is no change at all in the quality of audio when using
a DD740, as the audio is being transmitted digitally. The DD740 simply stores
the digital bits coming in and then outputs them, unchanged, after the delay
period. Since the data is digital, a perfect copy is made with absolutely no
deterioration in sound quality.
Can I use the DD740 with an analog (stereo) source?
Yes. All that is needed is a low cost, third-party analog-to-digital
converter. This simply connects between the analog audio source and the DD740.
Such a converter costs about US$40 (25GBP) or less depending on your location.
Please note, the output from the DD740 is still digital audio, and so you
will still need an AV amplifier with a digital audio input or a speaker system
that accepts s/pdif digital audio input.
How can I connect more than 4 digital audio sources?
If you need to connect more than 4 digital sources, or for example have 3
sources that each require optical connections, then third-party adapters are
For instance, to connect an optical (toslink) source to a coax input of the
DD740, a simple optical-to-coax converter may be used. These are available at
low prices both from online stores and at audio accessory shops in the high
street. For example the unit shown on the right. It is widely available from
audio accessory retailers, priced at approx US$30.
Alternatively, a powered digital audio switch may be used.
AVOID the use of mechanical toslink switches and splitters since they can
reduce light levels and degrade the digital audio signals reaching the DD740 and
may cause occasional dropouts in sound or not work at all. Toslink switches
that do not require external power are definitely “mechanical” but remote
controlled powered switches may also be mechanical internally. Powered switches
that offer coax to Toslink and/or Toslink to coax conversion will not be
mechanical and should work fine.
A suitable powered digital audio switch is the
Midiman CO2, for
example. It will connect to two digital sources, one coax and one optical. The
CO2's output connects to any of the DD740's inputs, leaving the other three
inputs available for a total of 5 sources. When the time comes to use one of the
inputs connected via the CO2, simply move its switch to the source required.
How do I use a learning remote control with the DD740?
The DD740 includes features to allow extensive control by learning remotes.
What is the longest cable I can use with the DD740?
We recommend that, for best results, all cables (coax and optical) are kept
to the shortest lengths practical. It is not possible to say exactly what the
maximum length of cable is that may be used, since that will depend on the
quality and condition of the cable and also on the equipment at the other end.
However, as a guide a maximum length of 5 metres (15 feet) is advisable for any
cable connected to the DD740.
In particular, we recommend that the DD740 is positioned near to your digital
audio source and connected to it using short cables.
Problems that may occur if a cable is too long include audio drop outs (occasional
short periods of silence) or loss of audio altogether.
Audio Delay Capabilities:
- 0 - 680 milliseconds in 1ms or 0.33ms steps
(32-48kHz sample rate signals)
- 0 - 340 milliseconds in 1ms or 0.33ms steps
(96kHz sample rate signals)
- 36 user-programmable presets (9 per input)
- Remote control handset included? YES
- Full functionality available from handset
- May be integrated with learning remote
controls, including additional discrete command codes
Digital Audio Signal Compatibility:
- S/PDIF, Dolby Digital/EX/DTS/ES/PCM with
sample rates of: 32kHz, 44.1kHz (CD), 48kHZ (standard DVD), 96kHz
- 2 x Digital Audio In (coaxial) RCA phono
socket (75 ohm)
- 2 x Digitial Audio In (optical) toslink
- Digital Audio Out (coaxial) RCA phono
socket (75 ohm)
- Digital Audio Out (optical) toslink socket
- DC power supply socket
- 9V DC (+ve center pole), 200mA from power
- Less than 2 Watts for the DD740 from 9VDC.
AC power consumption will depend upon the country specific power adaptor
used with the unit but will not exceed 5 watts in any case.
- Size: 5.7" (145mm) x 4.1" (105mm) x 1.4"
- Weight: 9.9oz (280g) approx
The DD740 is compatible with learning remote controls, providing seamless
integration with your A/V system.
Every learning remote is capable of replicating the IR commands of the
DD740's own remote control. Please refer to the instructions that accompany your
learning remote for details of how to do this.
In addition, the DD740 has extra IR commands that can be programmed into more
sophisticated learning remotes such as the Philips Pronto and ProntoNEO. By
sequencing these commands, total control of the DD740 may be achieved. For
example, turning on the DD740, selecting the input, selecting the delay preset
and even setting its display brightness, all from a single button press on your
The full set of IR commands available are:
- Power (toggle)
- Power On* (discrete)
- Power Off* (discrete)
- Delay +
- Delay -
- Digit 0-9 (discrete)
- Input (toggle)
- Input A-D (discrete)
- Preset +
- Preset -
- Preset 1-5 (discrete)
- Preset 6-9* (discrete)
- Preset Store
- Brightness (toggle)
- Brightness 1-5* (discrete)
*Only available when using a suitable programmable learning remote
- DD740 digital audio delay
- Power adaptor
- Remote control
- 2 x AAA batteries
- Owner's manual
- Warranty card
"I found the Felston did the job beautifully..." Audiophile Audition
July 2007 (read
"You might not have ever noticed that the video in your home theater trails
the audio by just a bit. But the subliminal impact can be there nevertheless,
making the movie less "real" and believable. And after reading this, you will
probably look for it and become quite conscious of it in a way that you never
were before. It is definitely something you will want to eliminate if you want
optimal immersion in your home theater experience ... If you are bothered by lip synch problems in your home theater,
check it out. It's a solution that will bring a smile to your face." -
ProjectorCentral.com July 2007 (read
4/5 stars at Techradar.com December 2007 (read
"What a great product! Does exactly what it says it will,
does it well, no complicated setup, doesn’t subject you to poorly designed beta
software, and it works flawlessly with my universal remote. I love the fact that
it works without getting into menus and onscreen overlays the way A/V receivers
do. And the amount of delay is more than generous. The single digital output
feature is great, too." - CT, Lakeland FL
"The DD740 seems to be working well. My satellite receiver had a major
problem on the HD channels, this seems to take care of the issue. I will pass
the word about the DD740. Lipsync is probably the worst AV problem of our time,
now the problem is gone. Thank you." - Andrew, San Diego CA
"Great solution to lip sync problems. This thing works really well.
It will switch between 4 digital sources and the delay for each source can be
preset." - J. Adkins, St. Louis MO
"One thing that has really bugged me since I got my LCD is the lip sync
issues. It's predominately visible when watching HD channels and when watching
DVD's. To be honest, the DVD issue bugged me so much that I have virtually
stopped watching them. I emailed Nick Johnson from Lipfix some questions and was
very, very happy with his responsiveness and with his answers, so I pulled the
trigger and ordered one. So, the package arrived via USPS a few days later and
it was well packaged in a double skinned box with foam cutouts for the box, the
remote and the plug pack. What can I say about it other than "it works as
advertised"!? Seriously. I didn't have to really read the manual, it was pretty
easy to connect up and to use. I've set the 5 preset buttons at 50, 100, 150,
200 and 250ms and find that those really suffice. I am now a very happy
bunny, with my lip sync issues perfectly under control." - Simon B,
"I really like my Felston. My quadrupler was causing a delay problem. If
you're having lip sync issues I would recommend one of these." - Tom W
Official Felston DD740 forum thread
Questions, comments or feedback should be directed to